How do you think why do we go to the doctors? Several percent of people visit doctors regularly either because they scared of being ill or because they already are. Some of us need to prove annual examination for school/uni/job or some other reasons. But usually we run to the doctor because of pain, and we call them pain doctors. About 80% of people act like that. And that’s why it’s a real progress for humanity to invent post of pain doctor.
Who are they, pain doctor? A pain doctor is a specialist in pain medicine which deals with evaluation, treatment and prevention of pain. There can be two different spheres: pain as a symptom of disease and primary pain disorders. But usually it’s the first case when the pain is not the problem itself, but a signal to more dangerous processes in the organism. The pain doctor’s role is to diagnose the the cause of pain. There are a lot of special pain doctor. Anesthesiologists are often the leaders of a team of other specialists and doctors who work together to help manage pain. The team may include orthopedists (doctors who deal with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the bones and skeletal system), nurse practitioners, physician assistants, physical or rehabilitation therapists, and others. Neurologists diagnose and treat diseases of the nervous system. Neurosurgeons perform surgery on the nervous system. Physiatrists specialize in physical medicine, which is a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment, prevention, and diagnosis of disease by physical means including manipulation, massage and exercise.
Moreover the doctors can be divided according to the location of the pain to be treated. They are back and neck pain, fibromyalgia, headache, orofacial and pelvic pain. Plus, there are such categories that are divided according to the origin of pain: arthritis, cancer pain, neuropathic pain, complex regional pain syndrome and palliative care.
Proper analysis includes taking a personal and family medical history, assessing the patient’s lifestyle, reviewing prior tests and performing a physical examination. Pain management specialists study and use various techniques to diagnose and treat pain disorders. Most popular and powerful methods of managing the pain are biofeedback, relaxation, hypnosis, meditation, acupuncture, cognitive behavioral therapy.